After medicine and dentistry, chiropractic
treatment is the world's third largest health care system. The word
chiropractic comes from the words cheiro (hand) and
prakrikos (done by hand). Chiropractic treatment involves manipulating the
backbone to bring back into alignment the vertebrae
that are partially misaligned or misplaced. This restores the normal
flow of neuro-hormonal secretions in the spinal cord and the
attached nerves, so that the body recovers from pain and the
diseases causing that pain.
Chiropractic treatment manipulates the bones and muscles of
the body, usually by hand. This applies more to the spinal column or
the backbone, which is adjusted to rehabilitate the normal
functioning of the nervous system.
As an art, chiropractic treatment is very old. Ancient Greeks
manoeuvred legs for relief of low back problems. Many tribes in
North America like the Sioux and Creek and the Aztecs, Mayans, and
Toltecs of Central America used manipulative practices. However, in
the context as it is understood today, chiropractic treatment was
formulated by Daniel David Palmer in 1895. He established the Palmer
School of Chiropractic at Davenport, USA, in 1903.
Chiropractic treatment works
by manipulating partially misaligned and dysfunctional vertebrae and other joints off-centre
that may be impinging upon normal neurological functioning. Through
chiropractic treatment, these maladjustment are removed so that
the flow of neuro-hormonal secretions is restored and the body
recovers from pain and the diseases causing that pain. Pain is the
body's signal of distress or dysfunction. Caught early enough, chiropractic
treatment can adjust this, helping to put the
body's own healing mechanisms back on track.
Chiropractic treatment lays stress on the concept of
an individual's predisposition to disease. Chiropractors look for
muscular and skeletal trauma from falls and accidents, strains and
sprains. They note postural and occupational distortion that may
induce abnormal joint function or partial contraction of muscles.
Chiropractic treatment involves
pushing, pulling, and leveraging muscle against bone, and bone
against bone. The more traditional practitioners limit their therapy
to adjusting the spine. The more liberal ones add complementary or
auxiliary treatments, such as nutritional supplements, relaxation
techniques, and diet counselling.
Benefits Of Chiropractic Treatment
treatment works on three levels:
1. Mechanical / Anatomical. It restores movement by improving
anatomical relationships and functions through a variety of spinal
manipulation and joint mobilisation techniques.
2. Neurological/Reflexive. It tackles specific soft and hard tissue
(joint, muscles, and fascial) by manipulations that change nerve
signalling patterns, and therefore, physiological functioning.
3. Mental/ Emotional Role. It exercises healing aspects of human
control with its hands-on methodology, and its effect on the mind
and motivation of a patient.
Chiropractic treatment is best used for pain and disorders before
the body has deteriorated into a pathological or diseased state.
Chiropractic treatment is very useful for those who experience low
back pain, slipped discs, and sports injuries. Clients are treated
for bad posture, sprained muscles and ligaments, and
accident-related injuries. Chiropractic treatment has also helped
rheumatic and arthritic conditions of neuromuscular or vascular
origin, affecting both the spine and limbs.
Chiropractors treat neuritis, lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, and
knee, hip, and muscular pains. Some chiropractors also excel in
treating dysfunction with psychosomatic origins, such as migraines
and other headaches, neurosis, and conditions arising due to stress.
They are also said to be able to correct visceral dysfunction
affected by irritation of the autonomic nervous system.